2019 Teacher Value Getty Images 641754494

Teachers: A demographic profile

Public school teachers are the same — and different — from the general population of adults in the United States.

Public school teachers differ from the general public on a variety of demographic as well as attitudinal measures — education, gender, age, and income among them. At the same time, they look similar on political measures when compared with their closest cohort, employed college graduates.

There’s a wide gender gap. Seventy-six percent of public school teachers are women while 24% are men. That compares with a 52%-48% split in the general adult population.

Education marks the sharpest difference. Ninety-two percent of teachers have a bachelor’s degree or higher, compared with 33% of the general public. Indeed, 58% of teachers have a master’s degree or higher vs. just 15% of all adults.

Teachers have higher annual household incomes than the public at large but lower incomes than a more comparable group, employed adults with a bachelor’s degree or higher.

2019 Teacher Annual Household Income

Teachers look like other employed college graduates ideologically and politically. Forty percent of teachers say they’re liberals, 31% moderates, and 28% conservatives; it’s a similar 39%-31%-31% among working college graduates. (Adults without a college degree are less apt to be liberals.)

Politically, 39% of teachers identify themselves as Democrats, 25% as Republicans, and 24% as independents (and an additional 10% have no preference). That’s again similar to college graduates who are employed.

2019 Teacher Ideology Party Identification

Among other comparisons:

• 76% of teachers are White, compared with 64% of all adults.

• 64% of teachers are married, compared with 53% of the general public.

• 37% of teachers are evangelical Christians, almost exactly matching the figure for all adults — 36%.